On Rocks and Hard Places

Kantian, modernist “Reason” could not make sense of an enslaved Muslim presence, especially its representativity in Arabic, and in the practice of Islam, which had to be vigilantly denied and invalidated for Christian doc-trine to endorse slavery. Thus all enslaved Africans had to be reduced to the non- religious or the African practices of monotheism (in this case Islam) had to be ignored and denied since those practices troubled certain Euro-pean reasons for African enslavement

What is especially useful in Walcott’s argument is that it allows us to under-stand how Muslim Black people have never occupied the same category of humanity as their Arab co- religionists. Since religion is one key marker of the human, Arab Muslim subjects, however much they have been reviled in Western culture in the Saidian sense, remain intelligible as human. Black subjects, however, could not be read as properly Muslim, because doing so would make them human and thus un- slavable.

What is especially useful in Walcott’s argument is that it allows us to under-stand how Muslim Black people have never occupied the same category of humanity as their Arab co- religionists. Since religion is one key marker of the human, Arab Muslim subjects, however much they have been reviled in Western culture in the Saidian sense, remain intelligible as human. Black subjects, however, could not be read as properly Muslim, because doing so would make them human and thus un- slavable. Walcott insists that we read the Muslim presence in North America based on this centuries- old history, since it is “an intervention that blackens and thus complicates a number of histories, trajectories and politics.”
While it may seem that non- Black Muslims are also cast out of the human— there are certainly contexts where violence is inflicted on non- Black Muslim bodies as Muslim— that anti- Islamophobia political strategies that non- Black Muslims operationalize often rely on antiblackness reminds us of the differentiated position of Muslim Black subjects. As an example, in a February 2015 interview, Samah Jabbari, the spokeswoman of the Cana-dian Muslim Forum, vociferously argued against the charter. Near the end of her interview, her argument reached an apex when she said, “We [non- Black Muslim people] won’t accept to be the slaves, nor the negroes of Quebec.”
Jabbari’s statement (“we will not be the negroes of Quebec”) betrays a profound conviction that Muslims are not Black and, therefore, will resist any attempt to be treated as Black people. The statement also reveals black-ness to be the nothingness that stands in opposition to a beingness; it pres-ents blackness as a cautionary tale. Such a fear in becoming Black can only be reality for those who are not  Black. That fear also has a geography. The refusal to become the “negroes of Quebec” makes implicit that there are places where nonblackness is clear.
Arab, Persian, and South Asian Mus-lims declaring their humanity amid discourses that ever- increasingly con-flate them with terrorism is part of a plight for recognition. Black people’s experiences of Islamophobia are thus distinct.

Soft Islamophobia 

As Margari Hill, the Managing Director of the Muslim Anti-Racism Collaborative (MuslimARC), notes:
The effect of using Muslim as a cultural identity includes reifying South Asian and Arab hegemony in Muslim discourses. One particular issue is using “Arab and South Asian” as a synonym for Muslim, or in a grouping that is intended to be open to all Muslims but only uses some names and ethnicities. […] [T]he cultural category has resulted in the exclusion of Black Muslims in the discussion of Muslim civil liberties or the effects of Islamophobia. Black American Muslims have been under surveillance and discrimination many decades before 9/11.


“The Black Muslimah is a complex being; fitting neither the Black nor Muslim normative standard. The Black Muslimah’s identity makes people uncomfortable. They don’t understand her. The Black Muslimah’s existence is resistance. She is constantly searching for her ‘self.’”

The theme of the layered unknowable self, escaping simple recitations of experience and identity, was prevalent throughout the 2016 (mus)intereperted exhibit.

Warsame makes the point that “they don’t understand her,” but she does not engage in a move to correct this lack of understanding as traditional recognition politics would call for. Instead, she turns away and positions this lack of understanding as a place for “resistance.”

The resistance Warsame constructs is the Black Muslimah centring herself and her needs, in a world that demands that she focuses her attention on the needs of others, including those who struggle to understand her. Instead of directing her energies to explaining who she is for the benefit of others, she turns her attention to herself.

What is important to the Black Muslimah protagonist, which Warsame presents, is her continuous discovery of self, on her terms – irrespective of the outside world’s comfort or ability to see her.

The Acceptable Muslim

Berkeley Islamophobia

Hoodo Hersi

Somalia Affair (VICE)

Somalia Affair (CBC)

Hello Goodbye

Social Assistance

Black Panther





Go-Around: Who are you? Why are we here?

Ground Rules: You Make Them

What is Privilege?

“Be aware of your own privilege before making decisions that affect others”

What is Oppression?

What is Anti-Oppression?: Anti-oppression is a way of thinking about the world as well as a tool to use to see the world. Anti-oppression is “a tool to understand and respond to the complexity of the experience of oppression” (B. Burke and P. Harrison, Communication, Relationships and Care: A Reader, 2003). Anti-oppression is a way of naming oppression that happens against certain people, based on their identities, and then a way to work toward ending that mistreatment, oppression, violence toward that particular group.” from deb singh

Power Flower: Who are we? Revisited

Power Flower

Anti-Oppression and Your Job Description

PT Visitor Services; Shop Attendant

Making Safer Spaces

Safe(r) spaces are environments – classrooms, club meetings, workshops, friendships, relationships with co-workers, etc. – where folks recognize, oppose, and undo the oppression of members of marginalized groups. (Via

Accessibility: Open Access

Bystander Intervention

The Ottawa Mission and the Homeless Experience in Ottawa

From burnings to beatings, homeless people face violence on the streets (CTV News)

The Ottawa Mission Video Game

Ojibway teen sleeping in Ottawa mall stairwell after aging out of group home (APTN News)

Anti-Oppression and Outsider Art: Wrap-up Discussion

What is the Meaning of Outsider Art (Huffington Post)

antiblack racism chelby

On March 21, I took a taxi to City Hall to attend the Addressing Anti-Black Racism in Ottawa Town Hall organized by the City for All Women Initiative (CAWI) and the Ottawa Local Immigration Partnership (OLIP) with the Town Hall organizing committee.

As I had originally spearheaded the 2016 forum on Addressing Anti-Black Racism in Ottawa working closely with CAWI and wrote the Addressing Anti-Black Racism Report with the support of OLIP (special thanks to Denise Deby), I was interested to see what the update on the recommendations made to institutions and Black community organizers would be.

I was not involved in organizing this Town Hall. I have been very public about the restrictions my illness and attempts at recovery have put on me so traveling out to meetings, which I must often pay for a cab to do as I am unable to use public transportation at this point, is often not an option for me.

I also assumed that if the Town Hall organizing committee worked based on the principles of effective community engagement and equitable community building explored at the original forum and discussed in the actual Report (Report p. 14, 28, 33) , and also understood that the Report was about holding institutions AS WELL AS Black community organizers accountable to the wider Black community in Ottawa, there would be no problem.

I was wrong.

I feel the need to write this after reading the recent opinion piece from the Town Hall organizing committee, a piece that I feel was once again a wasted opportunity as it seemed more focused on telling Black folks to be patient because change is slow thus falling into typical respectability politics, than in holding institutions accountable.

It’s fine for the people involved in organizing this event not to feel a sense of urgency, but it is not for them to determine that for the rest of us. Erica Ifill’s piece on the lack of an action plan is far more on point in stating that just having institutions say they admit there is racism but make no concrete and measurable commitments to addressing it, is not a real accomplishment. The reality is that also, particularly for institutions like the police or the school boards, change has been imposed from the province, sometimes with great resistance from these institutions.

I believe in a diversity of tactics, you need some folks holding protests and sit-ins and writing opinion pieces about how unimpressed they are with institutions, and you need some folks sitting down and chatting politely with the senior officials of these institutions. But if the folks sitting down and chatting with senior officials start trying to tell the folks demonstrating to be patient because change is slow that is usually more of a sign of the privilege of the folks sitting at the table than a demonstration of their actual understanding of how change works.

The reality is, as I explain in the Report, that Black peoples have been quite patient, have been working for decades, but the window for change is often small and requires our communities to act with a high level of urgency and solidarity, prioritizing the voices and needs of the most marginalized among us.

Black peoples in this province are literally dying, being killed, losing out on their educations, or facing deportation. It is not for those who aren’t directly facing those realities to tell them to be patient because change is slow. These people literally do not have time.

To paraphrase Black African activist Angela Davis, who was actually paraphrasing her friend NFL player Michael Bennett, often we focus on members of our community who want to puncture the glass ceiling, when so many members of our community have the floor threatening to collapse from under them. Both struggles matter, but both struggles may have different degrees of urgency…that said, if these institutions are not even willing to be held accountable on the retention and promotion of racialized staff members-a question I asked for a response to by both the Ottawa Carleton District School Board and the Ottawa Police Service and which moderators of the Town Hall prevented from being answered TWICE, then it starts to become clear to those of us closer to the collapsing floor just how soon we might be falling through it.

The reality is that most change that has happened in this province has been the result of the impatience of Black peoples and their commitment to one another, particularly to holding one another accountable for any work they claim to do on behalf of Black folks.

Although I am glad follow up was done by having a Town Hall, I think it would have been better for the organizers to have taken the time to organize a Town Hall that modeled accountability and intentionally demonstrated a commitment to the diversity, equity and inclusion of Black communities.

We must model what we want accountability to look like, what we want diversity, equity, and inclusion to look like. The institutions must learn that from us. But that first means we need to understand accountability and diversity, equity, and inclusion ourselves and demonstrate that we understand it to each other.

Before attending the Town Hall, I reached out to Vania Karam-the mother of Winston Karam, who successfully sued the Ottawa Carleton District School Board (OCDSB) after Winston faced anti-Black racist bullying at Broadview Public School and the school administration did not take sufficient measures to address it-to see if she was attending the Town Hall. As she and Winston were not able to attend the Town Hall,  I was given permission to ask  on their behalf that the School Board give an official apology to them for their ordeal. I was glad that I could walk away from the Town Hall with that public and official apology from OCDSB representative Jennifer Adams. But what a missed opportunity if I hadn’t make the effort to reach out to them?

Here is Winston Karam’s interview with the National Observer

Read the full interview with Winston and Vania Karam with the National Observer here

Here is Winston Karam sharing his story in a video that dramatizes his experience

Checking in and consulting with people like the Karam family is an example of the type of work that should have been done by the Town Hall organizing committee. It is an example of prioritizing the input of those most impacted by these institutions and is how organizers can demonstrate their own accountability to the communities that they claim to serve.

I expressed my disappointment with aspects of the Town Hall during the event itself but as I like to model the need to put stuff in writing, I have written out my recommendations on how future Town Halls can be improved and what the Addressing Anti-Black Racism Town Hall organizing committee can do to demonstrate a commitment to accountability to Black communities and respect for the principles of diversity, equity, and inclusion from now on as this work is ongoing.

1. Organize a Diverse, Equitable, Inclusive, and Accountable Organizing Committee

Ottawa’s Black communities are diverse so if you are going to organize a Town Hall where the public can ask questions aimed at holding institutions accountable, you need to make sure the representation in that room will be diverse as well. You start by making sure you have a diverse organizing committee.

It would have been best to reach out to the original organizing committee of the 2016 forum as well as the subject matter experts/discussion leads (Report p. 2, 30-31) who led discussions during that forum and get them involved.

Again, that’s demonstrating accountability, if you are going to do something carrying on from the work of other people, you should try to bring those people back in or at least email or call them specifically asking for their feedback on organizing the Town Hall as not everyone has the time or ability to attend meetings. Expertise and lived experience are NOT interchangeable so even though time is often not our our sides we should show respect by making sure to engage those who volunteered their time to do this work before, not just by inviting them to a meeting but by asking them to share their feedback in whatever way works best for them. Again, that’s just modeling the type of accountability we often demand from institutions.

Bringing in new people is great and necessary, but getting the input of people involved the first time around is crucial. Unfortunately, the diversity of the original organizing team and discussion leads in terms of subject matter expertise and lived experience was not replicated with the organizing committee of this Town Hall and unfortunately it showed in some of the problematic aspects of the Town Hall itself, which I will elaborate on below. I also recommend avoiding getting too many people who are involved in the same organization, again it just doesn’t make sense from a diversity, equity, and inclusion standpoint.

The major point I raised at the 2016 forum and in its Report is the failure of a lot of Black community organizers to be inclusive themselves. There are many Black community organizations in Ottawa but often they just represent a fraction of actual Black community members and sometimes are not all that welcoming to people are not already part of a specific group of friends or colleagues.

Frankly, we can complain against institutions all we want but unless we are prioritizing the intentional modeling of diversity, equity and inclusion ourselves more often than not in our own organizing we are just replicating oppressive dynamics that marginalize our communities, just on a smaller scale. We are also opening ourselves up to divide and rule tactics where some members of our communities get co-opted into delegitimizing the ways other parts of our communities choose to organize, when the reality is that some parts of our communities can afford to be patient and navigate respectability politics while other parts of our communities are facing time sensitive and life and death issues so are going to organize with that level of urgency and intensity and their tactics are just as legitimate if not always as “professional” and “polite”. Both types of organizing is legitimate and necessary so both types of organizers should be consulted and ideally brought into an organizing committee aimed at addressing anti-Black racism in our city.

2. The Institutions on the panel should have been made to submit written reports with concrete examples of how their institutions are addressing anti-Black racism.

The most shocking issue I had with the Town Hall was the lack of documentation. None of the institutions who participated submitted any written documentation about what work they were doing to address anti-Black racism to the public. Not one of them. That’s just shocking! I have been to meetings of city institutions, you bring reports, you produce minutes. You make sure you have documentation. Why not for this meeting?

Why was this not requested by the Town Hall organizing committee? Again, if it was a time issue, then give the institutions a date they can work with because getting those documents would have been far more valuable to the public than having an event on March 21st because it’s the International Day for the Elimination of Racism. It would not have been difficult for any of these institutions to create such a document as they would probably have just tasked their various diversity sections to write it up. But that still would have been something concrete for the public and something that would make it easier for the public to follow up and hold these institutions accountable with.

I recommend that the Town Hall organizers NOW request such documents from these institutions and make them publicly available.

3. Don’t have the moderators ask set questions, just have them ensure that subject matter experts are participating in the Q & A

There is no need for the organizing committee to take up valuable time to ask questions. Often they have more privileged access to these institutions so this time should be given to those who do not. All time should be given to have questions from the gallery. What the organizing committee should do is to make sure that people who are subject matter experts and/or have relevant lived experience with challenges within each of the institutions presenting are sitting in the gallery and prepped to ask questions or ready to jump in and share information if the the institutional representative doesn’t have the answer.

The most important message that needs to be given to institutions at a Town Hall like this, particularly one organized by Black community members, is that we know what we are talking about and institutions cannot pull the wool over our eyes.

A great example of such a well-informed question came during the Town Hall from Yami Msosa who I worked with on the original 2016 forum as an organizing committee member and a discussion lead on the intersection of gender-based violence and anti-Black racism. She raised the issue of the OPS’ work on gender-based violence and its intersection with anti-Black racism and she cited the work happening at a provincial level. As she has previously worked closely with an OPS committee aimed at trying to improve OPS relations with local organizations addressing gender based violence, she was a perfect person to ask this question and to call out the vague response delivered by Chief Bordeleau. To keep informed on her work, follow Yami on Twitter here

The Town Hall organizing committee should have worked to make sure there were more community members present and willing to ask informed questions that both demonstrated that we are well informed about what is happening on a provincial and federal level, that we expect institutions at a municipal level to catch up, and that we are well aware of how and why they are falling short. Again, the Town Hall organizing committee should have demonstrated its own knowledge of the diversity of issues raised in the original Report and have leveraged the diversity of its networks to ensure that key issues raised in the Report were raised by subject matter experts during the Question Period.

If there is a gap in being able to leverage that diversity then that is something the organizers need to address in future because that is their own failure of accountability. The importance of a Town Hall is not just creating a space for people to ask institutions questions, it’s demonstrating that you are well informed and have high expectations for these institutions because you also demonstrate you have high expectations for the quality of your own organizing.

4. Do not have a floating mic

You should have mic stands and the moderator/MC should be close to the mic stands. You should have a portable mic in order to accomodate people with mobility issues but other than that you get people to come up to the mic to ask their questions. The moderator/MC should be present to ensure that people respect the time limitations but they should do so in a calm and friendly way. It is best if this is the moderator/MC instead of a person that the audience doesn’t recognize.

This is important for the following reasons:

a) It cuts down on unnecessary frustration. When you put your hand up and you are not sure if the person with the mic has seen you, it is very frustrating. If you are already at a Town Hall where tensions are high and there are over 200 people, having a floating mic is just foolishness.

b)  People self-moderate in a queue. I have attended a lot of Town Halls and I find that people just tend to take up less time when they can see the people waiting to go next behind them or beside them.

c) Set clear expectations about how and when questions will be answered by the panelists before the Q & A starts. Again, this avoids frustrating participants needlessly.

d)  Plan for emotions. BLACK PEOPLE ARE DEAD. BLACK PEOPLE ARE FACING DEPORTATION FROM THEIR FAMILIES. So ya, people are going to get emotional. You organize your agenda to accommodate that, don’t try to police your community members’ emotions because they don’t fit your schedule.

5. Write down people’s questions and find the answers

As Town Hall organizers, I hope you wrote down people’s questions. I am assuming you did. If the institution answered them, incorporate those responses into the Institution’s report, which wasn’t written but now should be. If the institution doesn’t have an answer, get an answer from a subject matter expert. If the institution being asked doesn’t have the answer for the question, it should become something the Town Hall organizers should revisit with the institution and then share with the public. Let the person asking the question, the institutions, and the public know that you are recording the questions and answers for follow up. Again, this is modelling accountability.

6. Ensure that those most seriously impacted by the institutions on the panel participate in the town hall, particularly youth under 30

The median age for Black people in Canada is 29.5, for some specific Black communities over 50% of their community is under 30. That should be reflected in how we organize. The 2016 forum had around 25% of participants under 30 (Report p. 10). There should have been a commitment to replicate that with the Town Hall.

We also know that young Black community members are the ones facing the most challenges with the Ottawa Police Service and the Ottawa Carleton District School Board and other school boards. This is clearly identified in the Report. During the 2016 forum, efforts were made by the organizing committee to ensure that university/college, high school, and junior high students participated in the forum and we also had subject matter experts from university/college on the organizing committee and leading discussion sessions. What efforts were made by the Town Hall organizing committee to ensure Black youth were present and participating? Again, this is about modelling accountability, how can we expect these institutions to work to be more inclusive of our youth if we can’t be?

Right now, Black youth on campus and in local high schools across this city are doing a lot of organizing around addressing anti-Black racism. The group Black Like Me Ottawa organizes an alternative Frosh for Black students, one of the groups founders, Sakinna Gairey was a discussion lead for the 2016 forum. She also just so happens to be the great niece of civil rights pioneer Harry Gairey. She would have been excellent to invite onto the Town Hall organizing committee and Black Like Me could have been invited to be an event co-sponsor? Were they asked? Again, I know the organizers had access to her contact info (I just double checked my own emails from 2016 to verify this). Black youth like this should have been invited and the event should have been moderated in such a way as to ensure they were able to ask questions and have those questions responded to. That would be an example of equitable moderation, where the voices that are often least heard in such forums are prioritized.

I recommend that the organizers take the time now to build connections with Black youth organizers on campus and in high schools and junior high and consult with them on how to improve their accountability to Black youth. Organizations that claim to work with Black youth but are run by young professionals should not be the gatekeepers for this effort so do not rely on them solely to do this outreach. Quite frankly, Black youth tend to organize more transparently than older community members as they often want as many people to know what they are doing as possible-which is a spirit it would be great for older organizers to reconnect with. Finding out what Black youth are doing on campus is often super easy as you can search for them on social media. Finding out what is happening in high school and junior high is also possible through outreach to schools and programs like Pathways to Education, the Somali Youth Support Project, and even religious based Black youth community groups in local churches.

Often it is voices like these who can properly frame the urgency of challenges  not just for these institutions but also for the organizers of the Town Hall and other participants.

The reality is that just because you are Black does not mean you get how urgent some issues are because you might not be facing them directly. You need to support the participation of those who are. If you don’t make that a priority, again, you are just marginalizing members of your own community based on your unchecked privilege, making you complicit in the silencing of these voices and their concerns.

7. Have a report back from local Black community organizations about how they are trying to organize more inclusively based on the Report

Concerns about effective Black community engagement and Black community building were a key part of what is discussed in the Report. This was not addressed during the Town Hall and that was a very serious oversight by the Town Hall organizing committee. Again, if we can’t model accountability and a respect for our diversity ourselves, it becomes very hard for us to effectively demand that from institutions. We have to do the work to model what we want to see from them.

Many public institutions such as the Ottawa Police Service and the Ottawa Carleton District School Board rely on “diversity” committees to get feedback from racialized perspectives. These committees often have very little accountability to the communities they represent and committee members may not even have a very solid understanding of anti-racism or diversity, equity, and inclusion principals-just because you are a racialized person doesn’t mean you are committed to anti-racism.

What would have been a good idea for this Town Hall, and what also would have helped to make sure that the panel wasn’t entirely made up of White people, was to have speakers from the leadership of these committees report on what they were doing within these institutions, including ways they are improving their accountability to the communities they were from to help build bridges with.

Hearing from the leadership of the Ottawa Police Service’s COMPAC Committee and the Ottawa Carleton District School Board’s Advisory Committee on Equity (ACE) would have been quite constructive because as problematic as both these committees are, and I worked with COMPAC for seven years so I know how much work it has taken to address its internal issues, still the leadership of both of these committees probably would have done a better job at informing participants about what specific work was being done within each institution and also what was not being addressed.

During the Town Hall, I twice asked the question about hiring, retention, and promotion of racialized staff within the Ottawa Carleton District School Board (OCDSB) and the Ottawa Police Service and twice moderators prevented the question from being answered. Yet, this very basic question has been a key problem that both of these committees have been trying to address for years. I would have appreciated hearing about the challenges they have faced holding these institutions accountable on this point.

Next Steps

Erica Ifill raised serious concerns about the Town Hall, in her opinion piece in the Ottawa Citizen. Based on her work and skill set, the Town Hall organizing committee would be smart to reach out to her for more feedback and suggestions on how to improve their organizing moving forward.

What I recommend to the Town Hall organizing committee is for them to find a way to now be more accountable to those who organized and led discussion sessions at the 2016 forum, those who participated in the 2016 forum, those who attended this town hall, and the general public about what work they are doing with these institutions following this Town Hall.

They should also make it clear how more Black people, particularly those with lived experience and subject matter expertise not represented on the organizing committee can become directly involved in this work and how they will support those who want to participate but face barriers to their participation.

If anyone wants more ideas about how to organize with more accountability, prioritizing principles of diversity, equity and inclusion, they can give me a call or send me an email. If I have to come out to your meeting to share this knowledge, you are already failing Equity 101, always try to find a diversity of ways people can share their insights, advice, and input and make sure folks feel that such input is actually really welcome.

Recommended Reading:

Addressing Anti-Black Racism in Ottawa Forum Report

Ontario Anti-Black Racism Strategy (Government of Ontario)

Ontario Black Youth Action Plan (Government of Ontario)


Black History Month for me is a time of reflecting on loss and the efforts and outright miracles that have helped us reclaim some of what has been lost.

This is my part of that history.


Growing up, I thought I was like most of my friends and neighbours, a child of a single parent, whose father was off somewhere, not at all interested in being involved in my life. Fathers were rare figures in my community. Fathers were not considered very important in the world of my childhood.

However, I was aware that if it had not been for my father, I would not be Black. My skin was a constant reminder of his existence.

When I was born the name on my birth certificate wasn’t name I have now. I was born Chelby Tamara-Emi Oniyemofe.

My father’s last name was Oniyemofe and Tamara-Emi was the name he gave me.

Then my father was deported when I was one year old. By the time I was five, my mother was granted full custody of me and he lost all parental rights and my mother changed my name.

I was issued a new birth certificate with a new name, Chelby Marie Daigle.

My mother’s divorce documents as well as an intermediate Spanish textbook had my father’s name, Oniyemofe, on them so I was always aware that this name had once been mine.

I had no contact with my father growing up. My mother cut off contact after the divorce. She erased him from my history.

I didn’t even have a photograph of my father. My mother had destroyed all her pictures of him.

Or so she thought.

When I was eight years old, while playing with an old typewriter at my grandmother’s home in Aylmer, I discovered a polaroid of my father  that had been taken in Nigeria stuffed in the back of the typewriter,  underneath the keys. My mother had no memory of putting it there.

I showed it to my mother and asked, “Is this my father?” She said yes and wrote on the back of the  polaroid. “This is your father.”

As I grew older, I asked more questions and my mother was able to provide me with more details about my father. I learned that he was from a country in Africa called Nigeria. I learned that he was studying languages, such as German and Spanish, at Carleton University and had been supported to do so by the German Lutheran Church on Preston Street. I learned that he had worked for an Italian pizzeria run by Arabs while my parents were together. I learned that my father’s brother had also lived in Ottawa and had children here.

As I learned more about Nigeria, I wanted to learn what ethnic group my father came from. I realized that the name Oniyemofe (which I had grown up pronouncing as O-nee-ya-moff but I would later learn should be pronounced as O-nee-yay-mo-fay) was the key to answering this question. So, I would ask any Nigerian I ran into what the meaning of Oniyemofe was.

The first Nigerians I met in Ottawa were all Yoruba. This was a good thing as it ended up that Oniyemofe was a Yoruba name. However, finding out that my father was most likely a Yoruba if his last name was Oniyemofe just ended up leading to more questions…this time posed by the Yoruba themselves.

You see Oniyemofe is not a real Yoruba family name. It is actually a sentence. I remember one Yoruba remarked accusatorily that Oniyemofe was a name created in order to sound like my family was royalty. I had to explain that as I had no real memory of my father and no contact with him or his family it obviously followed that I had absolutely no knowledge of the Yoruba language and therefore would not be able to fabricate a royal sounding Yoruba family name in order to impress people if my life depended on it.

The strangeness of the name Oniyemofe is what eventually led to me being able to find my father.

One day, in my early twenties, I was walking down Metcalfe Street and realized that I had passed the Nigerian High Commission. I didn’t immediately go in but instead decided to call and make inquiries about the ethnic origin of the name Oniyemofe. After being passed to several people, I eventually spoke with a Cultural Attaché who informed me that the name was of Yoruba origin. But he also told me that the name sounded familiar and that I should come to the High Commission to discuss this further. I went to the High Commission and met with the Cultural Attaché who introduced me to another High Commission Staff Member, Mrs. Abiola Agoro, who said that she had known my uncle. She told me that he and his family had moved to Britain and that he now worked for the Nigerian High Commission in London. She said that she would make inquiries and try to relay a message to him that I was looking for my father. She asked for my contact information so that she could get in touch with me if she had any news. She also told me that “Your father is all over my face.” I wasn’t sure what this meant but I guess she was simply making the observation that many other Nigerians had made that I have very strong West African facial features despite being of mixed race, particularly my prominent cheekbones, which are not as apparent now that I wear hijab and have gained weight but were quite striking when I was younger.

In early 2003, I received a phone call from Mrs. Agoro, who I had kept in touch which in an effort to learn more about the Nigerian community in Ottawa. She told me that she had a guest staying with her named Labi who knew my father and that I should come over and meet him. It ended up that this man was the same man who the Nigerian man I had met at Carleton University had worked with. Labi told me that he had last seen my father ten years ago in Lagos. He had been working as a security guard at a bank there. Labi, who worked as a petroleum engineer, was planning to go back to Nigeria soon and promised to make inquiries about my father. He took my contact information, including my e-mail, and a photograph of me.

Later that year, while I was in hospital after a suicide attempt, I received an e-mail from Labi while he was in Lagos. He told me that he had went to the bank where he had seen my father 10 years earlier and had learned that my father no longer worked there. Another dead-end. Or so it seemed. A few days later, Labi e-mailed me to tell me that someone who worked at the bank often ran into my father in the city and would try to contact him. A few days after this, I received an e-mail from Labi saying that he had found my father and was planning to meet him.

The next day, I received my first e-mail from my father:

Dear Daughter, this is the first time i’m calling someone my Daughter.I’m an Ijaw man one of the most powerful tribes in ngeria and oil producing area .in Ijaw language your name is Tamara–Emi which means there is God and really there is is only God that has made it possible for us to meet again in this world.  I want you to come to nigeria very soon to know your origin ‘cos you have an interesting origin.

    Like father like daughter.i speak up to fourteen languages . ijaw, english, french, german, italian, spanish, yoruba, hausa, igbo, urobo, benin, calabar, idoma and arabic.   i’m a security guard earning a very small salary.

I had found my father.

But who were the Ijaw? I had thought my father was Yoruba.

My father wasn’t Yoruba at all although he did grow up in the predominantly Yoruba state of Ondo. But his family was from the Arogbo Ijaw community. So why does he have a Yoruba last name?

It ends up that my great grandmother was Yoruba. She was purchased by my great great grandfather as a slave when she was still a small child. She was inherited by my great grandfather and became his concubine. One of her sons, my grandfather, used to be called Oniyemofe by her as a pet name. Oniyemofe means “The person I love” in the Ijebu Yoruba dialect. Eventually, when my grandfather was an adult he helped his mother trace her origins to the Yoruba town of Imakun near Ijebu-Ode. My grandfather chose to take the name Oniyemofe as his family name when he converted to Christianity out of the love and respect he had for his mother.

And that is the story of the name Oniyemofe.

So, I was able to find my father because a slave girl remembered words of love from her language, a fragment of heritage passed on, like the many fragments of heritage passed on within the African diasporas formed by slavery around the world.

Fragments, like breadcrumbs, that can, sometimes, lead us back home.


Crowdfunding/Skill-Sharing/Crowdsourcing/Call for Social Support for 2018

TRIGGER WARNING: If you really can’t deal with a super heavy read right now exploring mental illness, suicide, loneliness, financial struggles, and aging don’t read this right now.

So I am writing to ask for help.

If you follow my blog or my social media you probably already know that I came close to completing suicide in July and had to leave the job that provided me with my main source of income in September.

So I find myself needing help to implement my plan for recovery aka “healing my brain”.

The reality is, for a mental illness like mine, it is more about management than cure, but  there are things I can do to try to minimize the serious impact my illness is currently having on my ability to work and just do basic things like take care of myself.

If I don’t do this, things will just get much much worse….and that’s not just my depression, anxiety and complex PTSD talking, that’s facts.

What’s with the Zombie metaphor?

The Zombie metaphor is how I want to describe the fight I am in against mental illness’ impact on my cognitive ability and executive function, the physical health impacts of coping with loneliness & social isolation, and how all of this is getting amplified as I hit middle age.

For the reality is that my chances of completing suicide are actually going to INCREASE as I age.

Yep, in Canada, it is folks in their 40s and 50s who have some of the highest rates of suicide. If you are single, it is even more likely. These are STATS CAN FACTS FOLKS.

So again, it’s pretty scary, with no clear way through unless I can fight back.

So, I thought the Zombie Apocalypse was a good metaphor for all of this. I use it for a lot of things see: Loneliness & Zombies.

Feeling depressed just reading this?

Well, I’m living it. But today and frankly since I decided not to complete suicide in July, I have been able to see this Doomsday scenario as a problem to try to solve, something to defy, something to be angry about but not in a “I’m angry so I’m just going to give up” sort of way but in a “I’m angry so I going to kick its ass” sort of way.

But I can’t do this on my own.

Ok, So What’s The Plan?

Operation Heal Chelby’s Brain is basically a one year project where I basically do a bunch of stuff to get my brain back into a shape where it can handle actual work and the basics of life.

Counselling: I am very fortunate to have the support of services at the Civic Hospital including a psychiatrist, supports that unfortunately and unacceptably many people in Ottawa who are struggling with mental illness don’t have. So I am totally grateful.  My psychiatrist has recommended that I also start weekly counselling to work on a particularly problem I have stemming from childhood trauma that is causing a lot of problems at Saint Paul University which I plan to begin in 2018. Inshallah (hopefully), it this helps, it will go a long way to helping fix my brain.

Math: What? Well actually, I have to say that a starting noticing a swift worsening of the cognitive impacts of my mental illness after I stopped studying math. Just a coincidence. Science says maybe not.

According to researchers at Duke University, “Memory-based math problems stimulate a region of the brain called the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which has already been linked to depression and anxiety. Studies have found, for example, that higher activity in this area is associated with fewer symptoms of anxiety and depression. A well-established psychological treatment called cognitive behavioral therapy, which teaches individuals how to re-think negative situations, has also been seen to boost activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.”

It’s not clear whether doing more math will help but it’s worth a try.

So, I am going to retake all of high school math at St. Nicholas Adult High School. It is good because they have a flexible model combing online learning and in class support that will work with someone with my health issues.

Retaking math will also help as I would like to return to tutoring as a source of income when my health is better so relearning all levels of high school math has a practical application as well.

Languages:  I used to have a knack for learning new languages. I won two regional and one provincial German Language contest, beating out students who had actually had more years of German Language education then I did. But I haven’t formally studied languages since my first year of university. I actually think my language studies may have been a big part of why I actually survived my first year and kept my scholarship. When I didn’t take any languages the next year, I didn’t finish more than the first semester. I never managed to finish my post-secondary education. Actually I think the only university course I completed after that was a special class doing a reading in the original German of Nietzsche’s Also Sprach Zarathustra.

I don’t think that’s a coincidence.

So, I want to start working towards a dream I’ve had since high school. Completing the Diplôme d’Études en Langue Française (DELF) for French (I can work towards this in Ottawa at the Alliance Francaise), the Goethe-Zertifikat for German (I can do this at Goethe Institut) and the Diplomas de Español como Lengua Extranjera (DELE) for Spanish (I will need to figure out where to study but I can do the exam at the University of Ottawa).

I will probably never be well enough to return to post-secondary education but I really like the idea of going to class achieving something so many language studies towards exams like this are something I can achieve, thus boosting my self-esteem and maybe helping to fix my brain in the process.

These courses all cost money though. My plan is to do my own directed self-study until about April and then see which level I quality to enter studies at.

Improv: So, as some of you already know, I have being studying Improv at The Improv Embassy. It is really the only thing I can do to turn my mind off. Unfortunately, because of my health I haven’t been able to finish full classes but I plan to start attending the weekly $5 drop in class on Thursdays until I am well enough to take a full course. I did succeed it doing my first stand-up performance on my birthday this month at The Improv Embassy and I hope to continue with that as well.

I have always wanted to do stand-up and write comedy since I was a kid, mainly inspired by comedians like Margaret Cho, Chris Rock, and Dave Chappelle.

But now, I really just enjoy doing Improv Classes because it is so far the only thing I have found that helps me do “Mindfulness” as someone who has an serious anxiety disorder and copes with a lot of intrusive thoughts due to depression.

I am not a Yoga & Meditation type of girl…..frankly it worrying about doing the moves wrong makes me anxious and if you ask me to think about my breathing I will literally stop breathing and forget how I used to normally breathe!!!!

But Improv I can do. Improv requires you to really be in the “present” while also teaching you great cooperation and collaboration skills. I highly recommend if you’re like me.

Skills-Sharing: I am going to try to develop some key skills to help me with the work I want to do. Also, learning new things and mastering them is just good for my self-esteem.

What Help Do I Need?

Financial Support

I read about Anne Thériault, a Canadian writer, crowdfunding to support herself through a mental health crisis. So that’s where I got the idea from. She’s written one of the best pieces I have ever read that captures a lot of what I go through each day living with suicidal ideation.

I previously successful crowdfunded in 2012 to go see my father in Nigeria and it worked. So let’s see. It can’t hurt to ask…although I will probably get a lot of trolls for this but nothing they can say is worse than what I say to myself when really depressed (I am my own worst troll).

I am having a lot of anxiety applying for the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP).  I was raised on social assistance and see having been able to figure out how to support myself as an important achievement given my circumstances. I fear that trying to go on ODSP, which my mother lived on, is just going to trigger and churn up a whole bunch of things I honestly can’t really handle right now if I am going to recover. I have already put off applying for two months now because I just have a panic attack every time I have to go to the office to do the interview. I also might not even qualify because I am able to work my one job. So, I would really prefer to find an alternative until it is my last resort.

I am currently not earning enough with the one source of income I have left to support myself for 2018. I am short by about $1000/a month.

I have ideas of how I can make up this shortfall on my own but I will only be capable of doing that when I am better so only in about a year from now if my Operation Heal My Brain Project works out inshallah (hopefully).

If you are interested/able to help feel free to send support to me via my Crowdfunding Campaign on LaunchGood here

I doubt I will be able to manage just via crowdfunding but might as well ask and see.


I need to learn skills. This will help keep my brain active but will also help me in terms of future work options

What skills do I want to learn that maybe you could help me with?

  1. Podcasting (I have a good audio recorder, I want to learn how to edit my files and put them online)
  2. Graphic Design (I want to be able to edit photos and do some basic graphic design to make posters etc)
  3. Infographics (I want to know how to make infographics!)
  4. Facilitation Skills (I would love to learn more cool facilitation skills, exercises, tools, and techniques)
  5. Writing/Blogging (I want to write better for multiple audiences)
  6. Any good online resources that could help with some of the issues I am struggling with Executive dysfunction, cognitive deficits due to depression, excessive guilt related to depression etc. Another person’s crowdsourcing helped me find this awesome Self-Care tool for folks with issues with executive dysfunction like me.

Also, if you have the ability to share some of the software or equipment needed to do some of the above, that would be great.

Social Support

I live alone and am coping with loneliness. Also, because of my anxiety and increasing chronic pain (fibromyalgia) I often can’t really leave the house.

But I’m actually an extrovert and I really enjoy going out and seeing friends and meeting new people.

Transportation: When I was working I took cabs everywhere as it was the best way to get around given my anxiety and chronic pain. But now I definitely can’t afford that.  So, I need help with things like getting groceries. Also, if there is an event you think I may be interested in and you are able to help with my transportation to and from there (going to is often much harder for me then going from unless it is late) then please.

Conversations: People who know me know I like to talk a lot. I like learning things in conversation. I am very inquisitive. But generally speaking most of discussions with me are serious…not necessarily depression but ya, I kind of take everything seriously and analyse everything. It can be annoying for some folks but for me, it keeps my brain active. So, if you are open to hanging out and discussing things while treating me to a Chai Latte, then please reach out. Note: It sometimes will take a while for me to get back to you depending on my mental health at the time.

Trivia Nights: Does anyone do Trivia Nights? I did this once and really enjoyed it and it was great for my brain! So, if you do these and would like me to join your team let me know.

Watching Netflix: I like watching and rewatching shows and movies with people and discussing them afterwards. It sounds simple but it is a real treat for me to just watch stuff with people and then discuss it with them.  I seldom get to do it.

Spiritual Growth: I am currently trying to follow courses online with Seekers Hub Global but I just know that I would do better if I could connect and discuss the content with other people in real life. I am not currently interested in attending halaqas or courses in mosques etc as unfortunately these are not often the most spiritually and intellectually safe spaces for someone with my lived experience and personality type (ENTP) but generally I fell safe enough with certain teachers with Seekers Hub so I feel comfortable following their courses.  So, if you are also following the same courses, it would be great to connect inshallah (hopefully).

What Will Success by 2019 Look Like?

It would like the following:

  1. I will be able to leave the house for at least 5 hours a day (currently I often can’t leave the house for more than 30 mins)
  2. I sleep for just a normal 8 hours a day (Now, I sleep for at least 15 hours a day, usually as a way of coping with my anxiety and pain)
  3. I can go back to reading a least one book a week (I used to be able to read at least 200 pages a week. Now I am lucky if I can complete a 200 page book a year. I can’t focus, too many intrusive thoughts).
  4. I will be able to write, transcribe, and do work related tasks that I actually enjoy and seem simple and straightforward enough with less overwhelming feelings of anxiety and out and out panic.

This probably seems pretty simple but it’s not. It is going to take a lot of work and a lot of help. But If I could get to this point, I would probably be able to go back to supporting myself financially.

Inshallah (hopefully).

Even if there is no way you can help, please keep me in your prayers and/or wish me the best. It helps too.


Chelby and Mom 4

For my mother who taught me to read history from the bottom up….and always liked to make faces…and yes, that’s what my hair looks like….

So people have been sharing a Facebook Post I wrote so I decided to make it a blog post so I can add links.

Honestly, I have zero idea why people are sharing what I wrote. One person told me it was because I was a trusted source of information. I am a middle aged woman who has nothing better to do but blog, I am like the very definition of an untrustworthy online source!

But anyway, I have added links and some rants.

Trigger Warning: White Supremacy, Racism, Global Anti-Blackness, Anti-Antisemitism, Genocide, Nazis, Words for genitalia

My Mom is White. I Am Black.

My mother is White. More specifically she is French Canadian (Father) German American (Mother-had an American Dad and a German immigrant mom). She identified as culturally French Canadian but I was raised in English because her dad was a self-hating French Canadian and her mom didn’t speak French. Family was Catholic until something happened…possibly involving the theft of communion wine…and they just stopped going to Church and became United….which seems to Church a lot of Canadians joined at the time if stuff got awkward at the Churches they originally belonged to.

My mother was often asked if I was adopted. To which she would reply “No, she came out of my vagina. They sewed me back up crooked so I can prove it!”

My mom had very little sense of what was respectable to say or do. I wasn’t raised with any real sense of that either. It took years for me to realize that probably no one really needed to know about the state of my mother’s vagina after she gave birth to me but I always liked how it made officials like teachers who bullied me look super uncomfortable. “Ask a dumb question, get an answer that is going to totally weird you out.”

My Mom Teaches Me to Read History From the Bottom Up

My mother never graduated from high school. Her social anxiety and depression made it impossible for her to keep a job. But my mother was a very intelligent woman who was very curious about the world. I was working towards trying to her her own laptop before she committed suicide in 2013 because she would have loved all of things she would have been able to teach herself that were available online…

My mother was a victim of sexual, physical and emotional abuse at the hands of her parents. She never really got to be an adult. My grandparents controlled our lives-from getting my dad deported to killing our cats until my grandfather finally went to jail for his crimes and my grandmother was convicted for hiring a hitman to kill my adopted aunt in my early teens (Yes this all really happened, some it even made the local news). So when I say I come from a dysfunctional family I don’t me cute dysfunctional like Modern Family I mean DYSFUNCTIONAL.

But despite all of this, my mother and I had each other and we would spend a lot of time teaching ourselves about the world from the comfort of our living room. We mainly learned history from television.

Two subjects my mom liked to learn about were The Holocaust and The American Civil War…so basically two subjects where you can get a good dose of clearly still very relevant White Supremacist History. I was raised knowing about the KKK and the significance of the Confederate Flag.

This was both part of my mother trying to teach me the harsh reality of what it is to be Black in North America but also because this was my family’s history. My grandmother’s mother was a German Immigrant and her father was a multi-generational American with origins in Virginia.

My family fought during the Civil War and I grew up knowing that my grandmother was convinced that we were related to Colonel Benjamin Butler. This Butler connection led to me be super confused because my grandmother first told me about this when I was like 4 and we were watching a John Wayne movie set during the Civil War. So, somehow I concluded that I was also related to John Wayne…which I only worked out was possible by the age of 7 (that’s nothing, I was convinced Marvin Gaye was my dad until about the age of 6).

Colonel Butler is an interesting figure seeing as he did write the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) Act of 1871, which aimed to allow the US Government to go after the Klan. The Act is still used in courts today…most notably in some Black Lives Matter cases.

I don’t think we really are related though because that never came up on the Butler family tree that my distant relatives up online years ago. But members of my family did fight for Virginia in the Civil War, meaning that they fought for the Confederacy (correct me if I am wrong distant relatives). I definitely feel that we were culturally more influenced by the American South. Chelby is a very common Southern Name for both men and women (Remember Steal Magnolias?).

One of my mom’s favorite shows she liked to watch about the Civil War was North and South. It is about two friends who find themselves fighting on opposite sides of the Civil War. One of them, Orry played by Patrick Swayze, is in love with Madelaine,a woman who (Spoiler Alert) was born into a privileged Southern family but who soon discovers that her mother was Black but passing (like Rashida Jones). Here is a scene from the show.

I never met my German great-grandmother for a variety of reason (including I was told, my race). But we knew we were of German Heritage so I think that added an extra-dimension to our viewing of films about the Holocaust.

Our favorite film was Music Box, where a woman discovers (Spoiler Alert) that her Hungrian father, who she defends throughout the film, was really a Nazi who tortured and raped people. How much can any of us really know about our parents’ past?

I think my mother identified with slaves and people persecuted by the Nazis because she saw herself as being at the bottom of society and so that was the history she was interested in, learning about how people at the bottom of society, at the bottom of history, survived or at least tried to die with some integrity.

My mom didn’t leave out that Romani (Gypsies), Gay people (original of the Pink Triangle Symbol), people living with disabilities were also taken out by Nazis…she didn’t know about the sterilization of mixed race Black children because that wasn’t widely known outside of Germany at the time. But if you read Hitler’s Mein Kampf (yes I have) you will know that he obsesses over the Rhineland Bastards, mixed race Black children born from the relationships and rapes of German women by African soldiers brought in by the French post World War I.

Heritage Front Tries and Epicly Fails to Take Over My Neighbourhood

Back in the early 90s, the violent CANADIAN White Supremacist Movement Heritage Front led a targeted campaign to recruit followers in the low-income neighbourhoods of Ottawa…..we too often forget that Nazi stands for National Socialist and it is common to find White Supremacist groups that are very anti-capitalism…They even rented the Boys and Girls Club to host a concert. People like my mother were considered race traitors. Their pamphlets were fascinating reading, particularly those that focused on how Black people were only intelligent in North America because they had White Blood…which is why White people needed to stop having kids with them so that Black folks could go back to be stupid like cattle… how Jews were controlling the economy, and how immigrants were taking all the jobs. The Heritage Front was eventually run out of my predominantly White neighourhood with Baseball bats. (I grew up knowing that you always need to have a baseball bat or hockey stick within grabbing distance from your front door…everyone else grew up doing that, right?).

Heritage Front got taken down using tactics that we are now more familiar with seeing the RCMP and CSIS use with Muslim extremists-MOLES. Read more about that story here.

Hilariously, Some White Supremacists Actually hoped that they were responsible for 9/11. You had White Nationalists trying to calm them down on chat forums. Former White Supremacist Daniel Gallant said “We thought it was our guys. We thought it was the white supremacy uprising. We went and got out all our guns. Then the order came to stand down, and we were confused. Didn’t we have common cause with al-Qaida?”

White Supremacy versus White Nationalism

White supremacist ideology is not going to go away anytime soon, particularly in colonial contexts because it is a constructed identity aimed at justifying being here but it is also rising in Europe where Whiteness is being constructed around not just skin-colour but lineage, language, and religion.

It is fascinating to look at how people BECAME White in North mother grew up at a time when it wasn’t unusual to hear English people in Ottawa or Gatineau using the N-Word to refer to…drumroll…French Canadians…I still remember when all Lowell Green could complain about was French Canadians and People on welfare (so basically me and my mom)..until more immigrants came and Muslims came.You can easily see this in the writing about early migrants to the North America like the Irish…The Irish eventually got to be White which it seems means messing with Black and Indigenous folks with impunity.

The Protestant/Catholic divide has always been a strange dynamic in the North American Context.The KKK used to also attack Catholics and anti-Catholic sentiment continues in the work of some White Nationalists..there is a lot of unpacking that needs to be done about this because although racism definitely has existed in colonies belonging to both Protestant and Catholic settlers,there are some very disturbing differences, particularly around miscegenation (racial mixing)-generally Protestant settlers would completely deny their own children if born to Black community members be it in the US or South Africa, bizarrely because of Reformist readings of the Old Testament and extreme sexual morality-it was common to admit that you had a kid out of wedlock in Southern European Catholic communities but in Protestant communities you never admitted to having sex outside of marriage. In constract to the denial of mixed race identity, in Latin America, Casta Painting evolved to show how the coupling of different races led to different looking kids…still a racist hierarchy but at least admitting that people were hooking up and having kids!

As a mixed race child myself, I continue to be fascinated by societies, like the US and South Africa, which for generations people denied their own children and made marriage across race illegal…again if we look closely based on “religious morality due to readings of the Old Testament”…

But even during World War 2, European societies found communities that just weren’t WHITE enough be it Orthodox Serbs in Croatia or the Romani (Gypsies) in Poland.

The more you unravel Whiteness the more you find disturbing repetitions of history, how Whiteness was constructed in Europe-particularly in Britain, as land was taken from indigenous populations (in this case the original peoples of certain European countries, mainly Celts) like Ireland, Scotland, Wales and their indigenous languages were wiped out…in the UK.

My experience with Heritage Front, led me to become deeply intrigued by White Nationalist and White Supremacist movements in North America and Europe and the logics they would use to justify their ideologies, from science like the University of Western Ontario Professor who felt he could demonstrate that penis size was inversely proportional to intelligence leading to my favorite extremely Inappropriate Kids in the Hall Buddy Cole Monologue.

Or you have the Norwegian Death Metal Band that burned down Churches because they believed that their land had been colonized by Christianity as a Jewish conspiracy to make White people weak with values like mercy, compassion, and forgiveness versus traditional Nordic religion with Warrior Gods, Valhalla and Thor!…

To other White Nationalist theories that believe that other races are also superior. They just don’t want them immigrating to White-majority countries because they don’t want the competition. I got to listen to a Chinese international engineering student at the University of Toronto school his White friend on the truth of White Nationalism, which he didn’t feel attacked him as a Chinese person because he had no plans on staying in Canada. He also advised his White friend NOT to hook up with any women with Aztec blood during his stay in Mexico. “Only look for a pure Spanish woman.” Great wing-man advice.

These White Nationalist theories believe that Japanese, Chinese, Koreans, Persians and South Asians of Ayran descent as superior races. They just want them to stay in their countries. Remember Aryan is a word derived from Sanskrit meaning noble and the Swastika is symbol popular throughout South and East Asia (oriented a different way of course). Swastika comes from a Sanskrit Word.

Is your mind blown a bit?

Ya, it seems that White Supremacists and White Nationalists can’t figure out if they are all about being White like Vikings or White like Hindu Brahmans or Iranians. Figure it out People!

Gandhi’s writings to White South African officials harkened to this shared sense of Aryan supremacy for why he didn’t want “native” Blacks and South Asians living in the same neighbourhoods or put in the same prison cells. That’s why folks in Ghana were like take down that Gandhi Statute. Seriously, can we please learn more about Dr. Ambedkar who was an actual dalit!!!

Unfortunately, being Black in many of the communities that these White Nationalist praise is definitely not safe either.

China has an irrational fear of a “black invasion” bringing drugs, crime, and interracial marriage 

South Koreans Share Their Thoughts On Black People In Eye-Opening Video

Or dealing with anti-Black racism in South Asia…where you can also connect with the African descendents of slaves and indentured labour…but few folks from India or Pakistan know that about their own history

So ya…White Supremacy and White Nationalism are scary and shocking but when I read about mobs attacking African students in India I’m like, wow, best not to travel while Black anywhere.

Here’s a cool video about descendants of African slaves and traders in Iran…Black folks are everywhere….

Or being Black in Karachi, Pakistan

And don’t even get me started on being Black in North Africa or the Middle East

Or let’s just be honest being seen as of slave descent even in “Black” African countries

Or facing your messed up history exchanging human beings for an umbrella (Nigeria)…I mean my Nigerian ancestors were slaves but also owned slaves!

My mother raised me to read history from the bottom up.

I don’t look to history to make me feel proud. I don’t defend what my ancestors did if it was shameful.

So, take down the Confederate Flags, and let’s take down whatever their equivalents are in ALL of the communities and countries we come from.

Let’s ALL start reading history from the bottom up, from the perspective of slaves and persecuted peoples, instead of needing to hold onto our own sense of “Supremacy” and “Superiority” by identifying with history’s “winners”.

So please, yes, what happened in Charlottesville, Virginia is terrible but it is not shocking to me. I see a bunch of deeply insecure White people who have to focus on the achievements of their White ancestors to feel like they are worth something in life…Get your own achievements! Make something out of your own life instead of claiming you are from some sort of superior lineage and if you haven’t done much now it is affirmative actions’ fault!

We need to do something about racial hatred in our own backyard,  our country, our own community….That’s means if you are Canadian start focusing on what is happening HERE-like the fact that Black people are still the most targeted group for Hate Crimes with Jews and Muslims following closely behind….

We need to face the parts of our own history that are shameful and stop making excuses for them because of our own insecurities…

I strive to be secure enough in myself that I don’t have to try to find confidence in my bloodlines, racial superiority, or the achievements of my ancestors…

Last year I participated in a local TEDX. I had hoped the video of my talk would be up by now but it isn’t and I am not sure it ever will be. So to restart my blog posts about coping with loneliness, I have decided to post the text of my speech here. Enjoy and share.


Loneliness killed my mother and it almost killed me.

But first, I probably should explain the whole Zombie reference in my title.

I watch the Walking Dead. There are just so many reasons for me not to like the Walking Dead. Like Rick, he is such a terrible leader and I am so angry that he hooked up with Michonne. She is so much cooler than him.

But I just keep watching the show. And I think I know why. In the Walking Dead, I like it how The Group’s members will put their lives on the line again and again to save people who are not their blood relatives and who they have no interest in having sex with. People are rescuing people who they are not trying to hook up with and who are not their kids.

And I like watching that because for me that’s the fantasy world I want to live in because after my mother committed suicide three years ago I was left with no family and no one who as far as I know wants to have sex with me. I was left completely alone.

And I know I am not alone in being alone, more and more people in our society have no real connection with family and are single.

I have friends but, let’s face it, friends are a strange phenomenon with no grounding in biology.  It’s hard to know if we can rely on friends the way it seems like we can rely on family and lovers because DNA and oxytocin are on our side.

After my mother’s death, I sunk into a serious depression. I have struggled with depression my whole life so that was nothing new. I also had a lot of grief and guilt because her death was so unexpected and I blamed myself for not preventing it.

But there was something else happening to me. That was unfamiliar and that at first I didn’t know how to name.

It was like this black hole opened up inside me and it was full of fear. It was like the kind of fear you would have if your house was surrounded by zombies and it was only a matter of time before they got in to eat you. And like, who really wants to be torn apart by zombies? Like it’s fun to watch on TV or in a movie, like I will admit that’s a personal highlight of mine because there is a lot of talent that goes into making a good zombie dismemberment, a lot of artistry because it’s not real it’s just awesome make up and prosthetics.  But it would be pretty scary to have to face death by zombies in real life and I found myself feeling as scared as if my death was imminent.

Then I realized it was because I was alone and I thought that I could choke on some shawarma in my house and there would be no one to do the Heimlich maneuver or call 911 and no one would notice I was dead because most of my close friends live in Toronto, most of my Ottawa friends are just pretty busy so I don’t see them that often and I mostly work from home so….no one would notice if I was gone.

My mother was the only person who ever would have noticed if I wasn’t there.

I soon realized that what I was feeling was Loneliness.

Because what is loneliness? It is that feeling of pain we experience because of social isolation or social rejection.

And it makes sense biologically. Neuroscientist Dr. John Cacioppo believes that because humans are social animals and we are so dependent on one another for our survival we have developed the feeling of loneliness to be a signal so we form attachments and stay connected. If you think about human life before Starbucks or roads, it was a lot like life after a Zombie Apocalypse, you can’t last long without other people.

And what Cacioppo’s research has also shown is that long-term  loneliness is as detrimental to our health as smoking and three times more dangerous than obesity. Because think about it. It would be super scary be alone in the jungle by yourself thousands and thousands of years ago. Just like you wouldn’t want to be by yourself in a city overrun with zombies because sooner or later something is going to try to eat you and there is no one around to have your back.

So his research has shown that when were are experiencing chronic loneliness it is like we are alone in a zombie apocalypse, our cortisol levels go up so we can be ready to fight off attacks or run, we sleep less deeply because you have to listen out for walkers trying to come up and eat you. And if you experience this for a long time, it compromises your immune system, your cardiovascular system, it often leads to clinical depression, it makes your more likely to develop dementia. It prematurely ages you. It shortens your life. It can kill you.

Cacioppo argues that we need to take loneliness seriously and consider it a public health issue the way we see smoking as a public health issue.

But how do you cure loneliness?

Let’s put that on hold for a second and I want to get back to social rejection.

So as a kid I watched everything, like I think I watched Night of the Living Dead, the original and still the best zombie movie every when I was 5. My mother and I were best friends, we were each other’s only friends, it was just me and her against the world.  So I would watch whatever she watched. Although I had a childhood that on paper seemed pretty messed up as there was poverty and sexual violence and my family ended in the news because it was so dysfunctional and messed and trying to hire hitmen to kill each other which kind of explains why I don’t talk to them anymore, I have to say when I look back it is full of great memories of watching movies with my mother. And she would also give me the history of the month, and tell me about the director and the actors and different challenges they had on set.  So time with my mother was great.

It was time with other people that was scary whether it be my family or people at school. I didn’t fit in at school mainly because I was just really weird kid, I mean I just said that I watched Night of the Living Dead when I was five that’s weird. And I just couldn’t relate to anyone because their life didn’t seem like life and I had nothing really to talk to them about because you know they weren’t really interested about how Night of the Living Dead was really about racism in America. Which of course my mom taught me.

So I had a lonely childhood outside of my house, but inside I was safe and I loved and I was wanted. We belonged to each other.

So our experiences of social rejection, particularly if they last for a long time like they did for me, effect how we look at the world. I learned to see people as threats, not as people who can help you or people who can make things easier. It was best to avoid other people.

So that makes sense given how I grew up.

But what neuroscientists are also finding is that if you experience chronic loneliness, even if you didn’t have a childhood like mine, your brain will also start looking at other people as threats. So at a time when you really need to be reaching out to people, you can find yourself withdrawing. But again it makes sense from a survival perspective. As we see in a lot of Zombie Apocalypse scenarios you need your group because other groups could want to steal your stuff and maybe even eat your for protein…because let’s face it all the canned tuna is going to run out.

So, over the years, I did develop friends and I became very outgoing and sociable. Which left my mother alone at home most of the time.  So as my world grew, hers go smaller and as she also coped with serious mental illness, it all eventually took its toll.

But after my mother died, I found myself, going back to how I was as a child. People scared me. Phone calls scared me and I sometimes wouldn’t answer them even if they were from friends who I desperately wanted to talk to.

Of course I didn’t know about any of this research at the time so I just thought I was totally losing it.

But what was also confusing what that, I would feel scared about going a friend’s birthday party but I could very easily stand in front of a 100 people and deliver a speech. That was fine. Which made no sense.

I forced myself to go to my friend’s birthday party and I hid behind my laptop the entire time, I only spoke when I was spoken to.  I felt so scared. I felt that like, if the zombie apocalypse happened right then, all of these people around me, even my friend, would conspire to feed me to the zombies.  I would become zombie bait!

But the same week I facilitated a workshop for a bunch of strangers on a really challenging topic and no problem, I was talking, I was joking, I was doing my thang.

What’s the difference?

The problem is we often think lonely people lack social skills or are all introverts. That’s a myth actually. Research has shown that ya, if you put people who identify as chronically lonely in a group where they are just left to sit around and spark random conversation, it is hard for them to do. But if you us a role and a task, we are awesome, we sometimes actually show better social skills than the unlonely people.

Because what some people who study loneliness now believe is that lonely people may actually be more attuned to people around them, we read people more. Because we want to connect with them or because we because we are kind of wary of them and want to protect ourselves. For whatever reason, it is not that we don’t have social skills.

I am a great listener which is why people tell me too much information all the time. I am good at facilitating or tutoring. I can connect very easily to people and groups if that’s my job.

But I can’t do birthday parties or weddings or parties or hanging out with more than just one person in a coffee shop.

So again, how do you cure loneliness?

Well, what is the opposite of loneliness?

It’s feeling connected, feeling like you belong, feeling like you fit.

And that is a feeling it is easy to lose. You can lose that feeling in your family, in your marriage, at work. If you immigrate to a new country.  There are so many ways we can become disconnected. You don’t have to be like me and have no family. You can have a huge family but if you don’t feel they accept you, if you don’t feel you are understood or that you belong, you can feel very lonely, even surrounded by people.

That’s also why, according to neuroscientist John Cacioppo, you can’t cure loneliness just by being kind to people. We can be in a hospital and the nurses are kind to us and we are fed and all of needs are met, but we still feel lonely. Because we are not giving back.

The relationships we need to not feel lonely have to give us a sense of “mutually aided protection”. The relationships are reciprocal, you depend on people and they depend on you. You give and you take.  We need to feel both needed and wanted and we need to feel the same about the people who feel that way about us.

Again according to the work of neuroscientist John Cacioppo, you don’t need to have many people in your life that you feel that way about, it can be just a few people.

When I realized that what I was feeling was loneliness I googled loneliness and discovered Cacioppo’s work and that of other academics on the subject of loneliness. Realizing that what I was experiencing was a serious brain state and not just as character flaw really helped me to feel not so powerless in the face of loneliness.

So again, how do you cure loneliness?

The answer is I don’t know. But I am learning how to manage it.

Cacioppo recommends a system called EASE and I have been trying to follow that.

The E in EASE stands for Extend Yourself-That means answering phone calls, accepting invitations to parties and get-togethers. Basically, I have to stop withdrawing.

The A in EASE stands for Action Plan: So you take control. I mapped out my social connections and during the week I try to connect with a least two of my friends in person, one on one or by phone

The S in EASE stands for Selection: To overcome loneliness it is about quality not quantity. It is also about making sure you feel safe and comfortable and connected with people who you can really build some sort of relationship with because you have things in common.

The E in EASE stands for Expect the Best: This means expect the best from people. This is really difficult for me because I have had a lot of negative experiences with people so trusting people is hard and being vulnerable around people is hard.

Taking the step to take action on dealing with my loneliness meant letting people know I was lonely, letting people know that I really need their time and company and love. And that was very hard.

It is easier for me to ask people for money-I grew up on welfare so I am pretty desensitized to the humiliation that comes with being financially dependent on others-but asking for people’s time, calling up a friend late at night because I felt like my loneliness was literally crushing…that has been incredibly hard.

But I started to do it and yes some people rejected me or made fun of me or gossiped behind my back so those people aren’t in my life any more and good riddance.

But most other people took the time when they had it, they made space for me in their lives. And they did it in a way that I didn’t feel like they were doing me a favour, they made me feel that I was someone they wanted around. That I was part of The Group. And that is the key to easing the feeling of loneliness.

Right now my battle is with loneliness. And if I survive it, I probably will be strong enough to take on some zombies.